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springboot使用过滤器实现接口请求耗时统计操作

发布时间:2020-10-30 15:47:23 来源:亿速云 阅读:109 作者:Leah 栏目:开发技术

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1、定义ApiAccessFilter类,并实现Filter接口

@Slf4j
@WebFilter(filterName = "ApiAccessFilter", urlPatterns = "/*")
public class ApiAccessFilter implements Filter { 
 
  @Override
  public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) { 
  }
 
  @Override
  public void doFilter(ServletRequest servletRequest, ServletResponse servletResponse,
    FilterChain filterChain) throws IOException, ServletException {
 
    HttpServletRequest request = (HttpServletRequest) servletRequest;
 
    Long requestId = IdGenUtils.nextIdByMem(); // 请求ID,这个是我业务中的id,大家可自行决定是否需要
    long start = System.currentTimeMillis(); // 请求进入时间
 
    log.info("[Api Access] start. id: {}, uri: {}, method: {}, client: {}", requestId,
      request.getRequestURI(), request.getMethod(), getIP(request));
    filterChain.doFilter(servletRequest, servletResponse);
    log.info("[Api Access]  end. id: {}, duration: {}ms", requestId,
      System.currentTimeMillis() - start); 
  }
 
  @Override
  public void destroy() {
 
  }
 
  /**
   * 获取IP地址
   *
   * @param request 请求
   * @return request发起客户端的IP地址
   */
  private String getIP(HttpServletRequest request) {
    if (request == null) {
      return "0.0.0.0";
    }
 
    String Xip = request.getHeader("X-Real-IP");
    String XFor = request.getHeader("X-Forwarded-For");
 
    String UNKNOWN_IP = "unknown";
    if (StringUtils.isNotEmpty(XFor) && !UNKNOWN_IP.equalsIgnoreCase(XFor)) {
      //多次反向代理后会有多个ip值,第一个ip才是真实ip
      int index = XFor.indexOf(",");
      if (index != -1) {
        return XFor.substring(0, index);
      } else {
        return XFor;
      }
    }
 
    XFor = Xip;
    if (StringUtils.isNotEmpty(XFor) && !UNKNOWN_IP.equalsIgnoreCase(XFor)) {
      return XFor;
    }
 
    if (StringUtils.isBlank(XFor) || UNKNOWN_IP.equalsIgnoreCase(XFor)) {
      XFor = request.getHeader("Proxy-Client-IP");
    }
    if (StringUtils.isBlank(XFor) || UNKNOWN_IP.equalsIgnoreCase(XFor)) {
      XFor = request.getHeader("WL-Proxy-Client-IP");
    }
    if (StringUtils.isBlank(XFor) || UNKNOWN_IP.equalsIgnoreCase(XFor)) {
      XFor = request.getHeader("HTTP_CLIENT_IP");
    }
    if (StringUtils.isBlank(XFor) || UNKNOWN_IP.equalsIgnoreCase(XFor)) {
      XFor = request.getHeader("HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR");
    }
    if (StringUtils.isBlank(XFor) || UNKNOWN_IP.equalsIgnoreCase(XFor)) {
      XFor = request.getRemoteAddr();
    }
    return XFor;
  }
}

2、启用该过滤器

springboot中两种启用过滤器的方式,第一种在FilterRegistrationBean中注册该Filter,第二种,采用注解的方式启用

个人觉得注册方式比较麻烦,所有本例中使用的是第二种。

在Filter中添加注解@WebFilter(filterName = "ApiAccessFilter", urlPatterns = "/*"),配置了过滤器名和需要过滤的请求地址,/*表示过滤所有请求。然后在启动类上,通过@ServletComponentScan注解,指明该过滤器即可

@SpringBootApplication
@ServletComponentScan("com.yclouds.service.demo")
public class YCloudsServiceDemoApplication {
 
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    SpringApplication.run(YCloudsServiceDemoApplication.class, args);
  }
}

3、效果展示

springboot使用过滤器实现接口请求耗时统计操作

发送了两次http请求,每次都会打印日志内容,并且统计了整个请求的耗时情况。

GitHub地址:https://github.com/ye17186/spring-boot-learn

补充知识:spring cloud gateway 之zuul通过filter配置接口请求的时间耗时记录到日志

zuul中的Filter的配置,zuul中提供了三种类型的Filter,preFilter,routeFilter和postFilter,分别对应请求中的不同的阶段,针对同一个请求,有一个RequestContext对象,在三个阶段的Filter中进行共享

springboot使用过滤器实现接口请求耗时统计操作

假设我们要开发一个统计请求时间的功能,需要在preFilter里边记录开始时间,并将整个开始时间放在RequestContext中,在postFilter里边拿到开始时间,用当前的时间减去开始时间,就是请求执行的时间

定义一个preFilter:

package com.jiaoyiping.springcloud.zuul.filter; 
import com.netflix.zuul.ZuulFilter;
import com.netflix.zuul.context.RequestContext;
import com.netflix.zuul.exception.ZuulException;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.zuul.filters.support.FilterConstants;
 
/**
 * Created with Intellij IDEA
 *
 * @author: 
 * Mail: 
 * Date: 
 * Time: 
 * To change this template use File | Settings | Editor | File and Code Templates
 */
 
public class TimeCostPreFilter extends ZuulFilter {
  public static final String START_TIME_KEY = "start_time";
  private Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(TimeCostPreFilter.class);
 
  @Override
  public String filterType() {
    return FilterConstants.PRE_TYPE;
  }
 
  @Override
  public int filterOrder() {
    return 0;
  }
 
  /**
   * 判断是否要拦截的逻辑
   *
   * @return
   */
  @Override
  public boolean shouldFilter() {
    return true;
  }
 
  @Override
  public Object run() throws ZuulException {
    long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
    RequestContext.getCurrentContext().set(START_TIME_KEY, startTime);
    return null;
  }
}

定义以postFilter:

package com.jiaoyiping.springcloud.zuul.filter; 
import com.netflix.zuul.ZuulFilter;
import com.netflix.zuul.context.RequestContext;
import com.netflix.zuul.exception.ZuulException;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.cloud.netflix.zuul.filters.support.FilterConstants;
 
/**
 * Created with Intellij IDEA
 *
 * @author: 
 * Mail: 
 * Date: 
 * Time: 
 * To change this template use File | Settings | Editor | File and Code Templates
 */
 
public class TimeCostPostFilter extends ZuulFilter {
  private static final String START_TIME_KE = "start_time";
  private Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(TimeCostPostFilter.class);
 
  @Override
  public String filterType() {
    return FilterConstants.POST_TYPE;
  }
 
  @Override
  public int filterOrder() {
    return 0;
  }
 
  @Override
  public boolean shouldFilter() {
    return true;
  }
 
  @Override
  public Object run() throws ZuulException {
    long startTime = (long) RequestContext.getCurrentContext().get(START_TIME_KE);
    logger.info("请求完成,耗时{}秒", (System.currentTimeMillis() - startTime) / 1000);
    return null;
  }
}

在一个配置类中将这两个Filter注入:

package com.jiaoyiping.springcloud.zuul.config; 
import com.jiaoyiping.springcloud.zuul.filter.PDSFilter;
import com.jiaoyiping.springcloud.zuul.filter.TimeCostPostFilter;
import com.jiaoyiping.springcloud.zuul.filter.TimeCostPreFilter;
import com.netflix.zuul.ZuulFilter;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
 
/**
 * Created with Intellij IDEA
 *
 * @author: 
 * Mail: 
 * Date: 
 * Time:
 * To change this template use File | Settings | Editor | File and Code Templates
 */
@Configuration
public class FilterConfig {
 
  @Bean
  public ZuulFilter timeCostPreFilter() {
    return new TimeCostPreFilter();
  }
 
  @Bean
  public ZuulFilter timeCostPostFilter() {
    return new TimeCostPostFilter();
  }
 
 
  @Bean
  public ZuulFilter pdsFilter() {
    return new PDSFilter();
  }
}

启动项目,可以发现,zuul网关已经注册到了eureka上:

springboot使用过滤器实现接口请求耗时统计操作

请求provide对应的地址,发现,zuul可以成功地调用eureka上对应的服务,并将结果正确返回:

springboot使用过滤器实现接口请求耗时统计操作

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